文章摘要
农机购置补贴政策增强了农机企业盈利能力吗?——基于中国工业企业数据的实证分析
Does the agricultural machinery purchase subsidy policy enhance the profitability of agricultural machinery enterprises? An empirical analysis based on the Chinese Industrial Enterprise Database
投稿时间:2018-06-05  修订日期:2018-07-02
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2018.0057
中文关键词: 农机购置补贴  农机企业  盈利能力  固定效应  工业企业数据
英文关键词: the agricultural machinery purchase subsidy policy  agricultural machinery enterprises  profitability  the fixed effect model  the Industrial Enterprise Database
基金项目:国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目(71303125);农业部国际交流合作项目(GHS1715)
作者单位E-mail
章淑颖 南京师范大学商学院 zsy_njnu@163.com 
王玉霞 南京师范大学商学院 01108@njnu.edu.cn 
张宗毅 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 zhzongyi@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      在政府大力支持农业机械化发展的背景下,农机企业作为产业链中的重要环节,其盈利能力受到农机购置补贴政策的影响如何意义重大。在分析农机购置补贴对农机企业盈利能力影响机理基础上,构建理论模型,并基于1998—2013年《中国工业企业数据库》农机工业10个子行业的微观企业数据进行了实证研究。结果表明,农机购置补贴政策实施后,规模以上农机企业个数猛增,尤其从2006年的125家增长到2007年的1 859家且常年保持高速增长趋势,给农机市场带来了严重的产能过剩和过度竞争。政策对农机工业企业盈利能力的提升确有正向效果且这种正向效果会随着时间的变化呈现倒“U”型变化;在拖拉机制造、机械化农业及园艺机具制造这两个购机补贴主要投入去向的子行业表现出补贴效果随时间递减的倾向。基于此,提出充分肯定农机购置补贴政策对农机企业的提振作用和对农业机械化的促进效果;调整资金在子行业间的分配,逐步减少在拖拉机制造和机械化农业及园艺机具制造行业的补贴资金;适当调整补贴方式,鼓励农机企业技术创新等政策建议。
英文摘要:
      Under the background of strong government support for the development of agricultural mechanization, agricultural machinery enterprises, as an important part of the industry chain, are significant in terms of how their profitability is affected by the subsidy policy. Based on the analysis of the influencing mechanism of the agricultural machinery purchase subsidy policy on the profitability of agricultural machinery enterprises, this paper constructed a theoretical model and conducted an empirical analysis based on the micro-enterprise data of 10 sub-industries of agricultural machinery from 1998 to 2013 from the Chinese Industrial Enterprise Database. Results show that after the implementation of the agricultural machinery purchase subsidy policy, the number of agricultural machinery enterprises above the designed size soared, from 125 in 2007 to 1 859 in 2008 and maintained a high-speed growth trend, bringing severe overcapacity and excessive competition to the agricultural machinery market. This policy did have a positive effect on the profitability of agricultural industrial enterprises. However, this positive effect will show an inverted U-shape change over time. The effect on those industries, which received major investment subsidies including tractor manufacturers and agricultural and horticultural equipment manufacturers, has tended to decrease over time. Based on the above results, this paper provides the following suggestions: to fully affirm the boosting effects of the agricultural machinery purchase subsidy policy on agricultural machinery enterprises and agricultural mechanization, to adjust the allocation of funds to reduce the subsidy funds in the tractor and equipment manufacturing industries gradually, and to change the subsidy focus properly to encourage technological innovations.
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