文章摘要
非农就业、农地流转与粮食种植结构调整——基于固定观察点农户层面的微观实证
The impacts of off-farm employment and farmland circulation on farmers’ grain planting structure adjustment: A microcosmic study of selected fixed national rural observation points
投稿时间:2018-06-03  修订日期:2018-07-14
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2018.0070
中文关键词: 非农就业  农地流转  粮食种植结构  “非粮化”  固定观察点
英文关键词: off-farm employment  agricultural land circulation  grain planting structure  “non-grainification”  selected fixed observation point
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(71573131);教育部重大项目(16JJD790054);国家重点研发计划重点专项(2017YFD0401401)
作者单位E-mail
钱龙 南京财经大学 粮食安全与战略研究中心 南京 9120171007@nufe.edu.cn 
袁 航 中国人民大学 农业与农村发展学院 北京 512796913@qq.com 
刘景景 农业部 农村经济研究中心 北京 20709819@qq.com 
曹宝明 南京财经大学 粮食安全与战略研究中心 南京 9119871029 @nufe.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      本文基于农业部全国农村固定观察点微观调查大样本数据,探讨了家庭非农就业行为和农地流转行为对粮食种植结构的影响。研究发现:1)随着家庭非农就业涉入程度的加深,农户越倾向于提高粮食种植比例,即非农就业带来了“趋粮化”而不是“非粮化”。2)农地流转对粮食种植结构也有显著影响,表现为农地转入有助于提升粮食种植比例,而农地转出则会降低粮食种植比例。3)非农就业与农地流转存在显著的交互效应,表现为非农就业负向调节农地流转对粮食种植结构的影响,农地流转也负向调节非农就业对粮食种植结构的影响。本文意味着无需警惕非农就业和农地转入导致的“非粮化”,而是应该关注农户转出农地之后的“非粮化”趋向。并且,在引导农户进行种植调整时,需要联动考虑“人走”和“地动”的影响。
英文摘要:
      Based on a data of selected fixed national rural observation points, this paper discussed the influence of farmers’ off-farm employment and farmland circulation on grain planting structure adjustment. Results show that: 1) off-farm employment has a significant impact on grain cultivation: the higher proportion of off-farm income and the higher proportion of off-farm employment time, the higher proportion of grain cultivation; 2) farmland circulation has a significant impact on grain planting structure, which shows that farmland transfer-in can effectively increase the proportion of grain cultivation, while farmland transfer-out will reduce the proportion of grain cultivation; and 3) the interaction between off-farm employment and farmland circulation shows that off-farm employment is negatively regulated to the impact of farmland circulation on grain cultivation, and farmland circulation is also negatively regulated to the impact of off-farm employment on grain planting structure. This paper suggests that there is no need to fear “non-grainification” caused by off-farm employment and farmland circulation. Instead, it should focus on the “non-grainification” trend caused by farmland circulation. In addition, when guiding farmers to adjust their grain growing structure, the impacts of “people walking” and “land adjustment” should be considered.
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