文章摘要
乡村振兴视域下新型职业农民培育方向与路径研究
The direction and path of cultivating new-type professional farmers in rural revitalization
投稿时间:2018-05-28  修订日期:2018-07-01
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2018.0053
中文关键词: 乡村振兴战略  新型职业农民  培养方向  培育路径  现代农业
英文关键词: the strategy of rural revitalization  the new-type professional farmers  orientation of cultivation  path of cultivation  modern agriculture
基金项目:(2015D025);陕西省科技厅软科学项目(2017KRM156);四川革命老区发展研究中心项目(SLQ2016B-02).
作者单位E-mail
张燕 延安大学公共管理学院 SXYALZQ@163.COM 
卢东宁 延安大学经济与管理学院 JGLDN@163.COM 
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中文摘要:
      实施乡村振兴,推动农业农村现代化,给具有鲜明时代特征的新型职业农民提出了新要求。基于乡村振兴战略背景,分析新型职业农民的培育现状和要求,从职业道德和民主法治角度探讨新型职业农民培育方向与路径。新型职业农民作为农业农村发展的主体,应成为乡村产业兴旺的引领者、乡村现代生活方式与乡风文明的倡导者、农村现代科技文化与农耕文化的传承者、乡村民主自治与可持续发展观的践行者。研究表明,新型职业农民培育应围绕“爱农”精神、“懂农”能力、“强农”素质和“民主法治”意识等方向展开。因此,需要调整新型职业农民培育方向,优化新型职业农民培育路径,具体路径主要有:在培育内容上,注重社会需求与个人需求相结合;在培育方式上,强化培育方法与措施的精准性;在培育体系上,构建基础教育与示范实践相结合的终身教育体系;在培育管理上,建立制度引领与政策扶持相协调的管理体系。
英文摘要:
      To carry out the rural revitalization and to promote agricultural and rural modernization, cultivating new-type professional farmers with distinctive features is necessary. Based on the strategic background of rural revitalization, this paper analyzed the status and requirements of new-type professional farmers in the perspective of professional ethics and democratic rule of law and tried to identify the direction and path of cultivating new-type professional farmers in rural revitalization. As the main body of agricultural and rural development, new-type professional farmers should become leaders of rural industry, advocates of rural modern lifestyle and rural civilization, inheritors of rural modern science and technology culture and farming culture, and implementers of rural democratic autonomy and sustainable development. Cultivating new-type professional farmers should focus on the spirit of “loving agriculture”, the ability of “knowing agriculture”, the quality of “strengthening agriculture” and the consciousness of “democracy and rule of law”. Therefore, it is necessary to adjust the cultivation direction and optimize the cultivation path of new-type professional farmers: in terms of the cultivation contents--laying emphasis on social and individual needs; in terms of the cultivation methods--strengthening the accuracy of fostering methods and measures; in terms of the cultivation system--establishing the lifelong education system combined with basic education along with demonstration practices; and in terms of the management system--establishing the coordination of system and policy supports.
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