文章摘要
家庭农场经营风险测度及其影响因素研究
The evaluation of the business risks of family farms and the influencing factors
投稿时间:2018-04-27  修订日期:2018-08-04
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2018.0063
中文关键词: 家庭农场  经营风险  风险测度  影响因素  新型农业经营主体
英文关键词: family farms  business risk  risk evaluation  influencing factors  new agricultural management entities
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(17BJY099);黑龙江省哲学社会科学研究规划项目(17JYD233);哈尔滨市科技攻关计划项目(2017AC9QT004)
作者单位E-mail
刘畅 东北农业大学 liuchang1978@neau.edu.cn 
邓铭 东北农业大学 731533866@qq.com 
苏华清 东北农业大学 805465297@qq.com 
蔡宇 东北农业大学 1018712131@qq.com 
张雪梅 东北农业大学 ming9653@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      家庭农场作为新型农业经营主体的重要组成部分,是实现乡村振兴战略的有效途径。基于黑龙江省家庭农场的实际调研数据,构建家庭农场经营风险评价指标体系,运用因子分析法和似不相关回归模型,测度家庭农场经营风险并分析其影响因素。结果表明:家庭农场经营风险的关键性程度排序为:市场风险>自然风险>社会风险>融资风险>政策风险>技术风险。家庭农场的自然资源禀赋、经营规模等土地生产能力因素对自然风险存在显著影响,农田水利基础设施、产业组织化程度、外部监督机制等其他经营主体的直接支持因素对社会风险的作用明显,而农场主的决策能力在一定程度上对技术风险会产生影响。因此,应该创新金融服务模式、完善社会化服务体系、加大政策扶持力度、提高农场主经营水平,推动家庭农场等新型农业经营主体良好发展。
英文摘要:
      As an important part of the new agricultural management entities, establishing family farms is an effective way to realize the strategy of rural rejuvenation. Based on a survey data of family farms in Heilongjiang Province and applying the factor analysis method, this paper constructed an evaluation index system to evaluate the business risks of family farms in Heilongjiang Province and explored the influencing factors. Results show that the critical degree of family farm business risks is in the following order: market risk>natural risk>social risk>financing risk>policy risk>technical risk. Regression results also indicate that the land productivity factors, including the natural resource endowment of family farms and the scale of operation, have significant impacts on natural risks; the direct supporting factors of other business entities, including the farmland water conservancy infrastructure, the degree of industrialization organization and the external supervision mechanism, have significant effects on the social risks; and the decision-making ability of farmers, to a certain extent, has an impact on the technological risks. In conclusion, to promote the sound development of new agricultural management entities--family farms, this paper suggests to innovate the financial service model, to improve the social service system, to increase policy support, and to improve farmers’ operating standards.
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