文章摘要
农户生活垃圾治理支付意愿的实证分析——来自鲁皖渝的证据
An empirical analysis of farmers’ willingness to pay for household waste management: Evidence from the rural areas of Shandong, Anhui and Chongqing
投稿时间:2018-04-26  修订日期:2018-07-05
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2018.0056
中文关键词: 生活垃圾  垃圾治理  收支水平  环保认知  支付意愿  多元有序Probit
英文关键词: household waste  waste management  revenue and expenditure level  environmental awareness  willingness to pay  the multivariate ordered Probit model
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(71673241);教育部重大项目(16JJD7900054)。
作者单位E-mail
郑淋议 浙江大学 11722011@zju.edu.cn 
刘琦 康奈尔大学 ql256@cornell.edu 
钱文荣 浙江大学 wrqian@zju.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      农村生活垃圾的有效治理是生态宜居的关键,研判当前农户生活垃圾治理的支付意愿具有现实必然性。基于山东、安徽和重庆3省的农户调研数据,尝试构建包含经济因素与非经济因素的分析框架,利用多元有序Probit模型,分析农户生活垃圾治理支付意愿的区域差异和影响因素,探讨提高农村生活垃圾治理水平的有效举措。结果表明:59.07%的样本农户的生活垃圾治理支付愿意为10~20元/(人·a),农户生活垃圾治理支付意愿水平总体较低且存在区域差异,经济最不发达区域的农户倾向于支付10元/(人·a)以下的垃圾治理费用,占比达50.41%。家庭收支水平和农户环保认知均正向显著影响农户的支付意愿,且环保认知与文化程度存在交互效应,早期儿童环保教育具有基础性作用;女性相较于男性,支付意愿更高;固定垃圾点的供给对于农户支付意愿的提高具有显著的“抑制”效果。基于此,政府应当因地制宜和因地施策,处理好经济发展与环境保护之间的关系,加强儿童早期环保教育,提高女性公共事务的参与积极性,进而提升农村生活垃圾治理绩效,建设生态宜居的美丽乡村。
英文摘要:
      Analyzing farmers’ willingness to pay (WTP) for household waste management of rural households is critical for the effective management of rural household waste, which is the key to ecological livability of rural areas in China. Based on a survey data of farmers in Shandong, Anhui, and Chongqing, this paper constructed an analytical framework, including both economic and non-economic factors, to analyze the regional differences and the influencing factors for farmers’ WTP for household waste management by the multivariate ordered Probit model, and discussed some effective measures to improve rural household waste management. Results show that the current level of WTP for household waste management is generally low with regional differences: 59.07% of the surveyed farmers are willing to pay 10~20 yuan/person for waste management, and farmers’ WTP in the least developed areas is 10 yuan/person, accounting for 50.41%. Both the level of revenue and expenditure and the awareness of environmental protection have positive influence on farmers’ WTP, and there is an interaction between environmental awareness and education. Female residents are willing to pay more than the male. The availability of fixed garbage collection points has a restraining effect on the increase of farmers’ WTP. Therefore, this paper suggests that it is necessary for the government to adjust the relationship between economic development and environmental protection according to local conditions, to strengthen early childhood environmental education, to increase women’s enthusiasm of public affairs, to improve the performance of rural household waste management gradually, and to build an ecologically livable beautiful village eventually.
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