文章摘要
城镇安置生态移民可持续发展能力评价研究——基于贵州生态移民家庭的调研
The assessment of the sustainable development ability of ecological immigrant resettlement: Based on a survey data of ecological immigrant households in Guizhou
投稿时间:2018-04-13  修订日期:2018-06-12
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2018.0047
中文关键词: 城镇安置模式  生态移民  可行能力  功能性活动  模糊评价法  隶属度
英文关键词: town resettlement  ecological immigrants  capability  functioning  fuzzy evaluation method  membership grade
基金项目:国家自然科学基金地区科学基金项目(71463008);贵州省2015年度高层次创新型人才项目;2017年度贵州财经大学引进人才科研项目
作者单位E-mail
黄海燕 贵州财经大学经济学院 200101032@mail.gufe.edu.cn 
王永平 贵州财经大学经济学院 200501074@mail.gufe.edu.cn; swwangyp@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      基于阿玛蒂亚·森的可行能力理论,构建生态移民可持续发展能力分析的理论框架,利用贵州省城镇安置模式下生态移民户的微观数据,运用模糊评价法,分析生态移民搬迁前后的可持续发展能力。结果表明,搬迁后,移民户的可行能力整体提升,可行能力隶属度从搬迁前的0.479上升到搬迁后的0.590。经济收入、物质条件、居住环境、社会机会功能均有不同程度改善,社交网络功能小幅度削弱。安置点转换下,搬迁后所有安置点移民户的可行能力提升,物质条件和社会机会功能改善,但其它三类功能性活动均有不同数目安置点移民户的整体状况变差。家庭平均受教育年限、劳动力数量和平均年龄转换下所有区段移民户的可行能力均高于搬迁前,而健康状况转换下“很不好”和“不太好”区段的移民户可行能力下降,各家庭特征因素转换下每一区段移民户的功能性活动改善状况呈现较大差异。因此,为增强生态移民的可行能力,提出以促进就业为核心多渠道增加移民收入、加强对移民的教育培训和医疗卫生服务、加大信贷支持和实施差异化的精准扶持政策、帮助移民重构社交网络等政策建议。
英文摘要:
      Based on a survey data of the ecological immigrant households in the town resettlement of Guizhou Province, and applying the Amartya Sen’s theory of capability and the fuzzy evaluation method, this paper constructed a theoretical framework and analyzed the sustainable development ability of ecological immigrant. Main results show that: 1) after relocation, in general the sustainable development ability of the immigrant households has been improved, the capability index increased from 0.479 to 0.590. The functional activities such as economic income, material conditions, living environment and social opportunities have been improved, but social networks have been slightly weakened; 2) under settlement conversion, the capability, material conditions and social opportunities of immigrant households in all settlements were increased. However, other three functional activities of immigrant households have deteriorated in part of the settlements after relocation; and 3) after relocation, the capability of immigrant households in all segmenting under average years of education, the number of labor force and average age conversion were higher than before except those households with family members’ health conditions being “not so good” and “very bad”, immigrant households’ functional activities in segmenting under family characteristic factors conversion displayed some heterogeneity. To enhance the capability of ecological immigrants, this paper provides the following policy recommendations: to increase immigrants’ income by promoting employment as the core multi-channel, to strengthen education training, to provide medical and health services, to increase credit support, to implement the differential precision support policy, and to help immigrants restructure social networks.
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