文章摘要
农地确权会提高农地流转契约的稳定性吗?
Will farmland registration and certification increase the stability of farmland circulation contracts?
投稿时间:2018-04-07  修订日期:2018-05-16
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2018.0043
中文关键词: 农地确权  农地流转  契约  稳定性  社会关系
英文关键词: registration and certification of farmland  farmland circulation  contract  stability  social relationship
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重点项目(17AJL013);国家自然科学应急项目重点项目(71742003);广东省高校人文社科重大项目(GXSKZD018)
作者单位E-mail
罗明忠 华南农业大学经济管理学院 广东广州 510642 454475054@qq.com, luomingzhong@scau.edu.cn 
黄晓彤 华南农业大学经济管理学院 广东广州 510642 1767189951@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      农地流转契约的稳定有助于农地流转市场的发育,促进农地规模化经营,提高农地资源的有效利用率。基于农地确权政策的推进和农地要素市场逐步发育的背景,以江西省12个县的问卷调查数据为例,把农地转出方是否会在契约有效期内提高租金而形成违约作为衡量农地流转契约稳定性的标准,运用多元有序Logit回归模型,分析农地确权与农地流转契约稳定性的关系。结果表明,83.14%的农地转出户已完成确权,但仅有32.40%的农户在农地流转过程中选择书面合同,农地流转契约总体规范性较差,法律约束力较低。农地确权并未直接对农地流转契约的稳定性产生显著影响,政策效应未能凸显;但农地转出对象的非亲缘化、合同的规范化、转出方的近期调地行为却会降低农地流转契约的稳定性。因此,恰当运用农地确权成果,充分融合关系契约与正式契约,维持承包关系稳定,是提高农地流转契约稳定性的重要选项。
英文摘要:
      The stability of farmland circulation contracts helps the development of agricultural land transfer markets, promotes the agricultural land scale management, and improves the effective utilization of agricultural land resources. Under the background of promotion of rural land right policy and the gradual development of agricultural land market in China, based on a survey data of 12 counties in Jiangxi Province, and applying the multivariate ordinal logit regression model, this paper empirically analyzed the relationship between farmland ownership and the stability of agricultural land transfer contracts. Results show that 83.14% of those transfer-out households have completed the land use right certification process, and only 32.40% of the households chose the written contract during the transfer process. The overall standardization of the transfer contract was poor and the legal binding force was low. The determination of the right of farmland does not directly affect the stability of the transfer contract so that the policy effect fails to stand out. However, the non-convergence of the transfer, the standardization of contracts, and the recent land adjustments will reduce the stability of farmland transfer contracts. Therefore, it is an important option to improve the stability of agricultural land transfer contracts by properly applying the results of farmland right verification, fully integrating relational contracts and formal contracts, and maintaining the stability of contracting relations.
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