文章摘要
家庭农场土地经营权流转的动力机制
The dynamic mechanism of land management right circulation of family farm
投稿时间:2018-03-28  修订日期:2018-05-11
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2018.0036
中文关键词: 家庭农场  土地经营权  流转  动力机制  交易成本  供需动力
英文关键词: family farms  land management right  farmland circulation  dynamic mechanism  transaction cost  driving forces of supply and demand
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(16BJY093)
作者单位E-mail
兰 勇 湖南农业大学商学院 lanyong@hunau.edu.cn 
熊彬雁 湖南农业大学商学院 pandacat999@163.com 
易朝辉 湖南农业大学商学院 nanjun0924@163.com 
摘要点击次数: 555
全文下载次数: 317
中文摘要:
      家庭农场土地经营权流转是内部动力和外部动力共同作用的结果。基于农民分化与家庭农场成长过程中农地关系的演变,分析农村土地经营权流转内部动力的形成及作用机制,探讨现实中动力机制存在的缺陷及其对农地流转发生和家庭农场发展的危害。结果表明,农户土地供给动力和家庭农场土地需求动力的同时存在是流转交易发生的重要基础。农地流转交易的发生还需具备两个条件:一是供需动力要有足够的强度,二是交易成本一定要足够的低。外部动力来源于中央政府的制度创新、地方政府的机制创新和村集体的实践创新等,是强化内部供需动力和降低交易成本的重要手段,是促进农地顺利流转和家庭农场健康发展的重要条件。外部动力必须具备足够强度和遵循市场规律,才能有效增强内部动力,科学推动土地经营权流转。调研发现,外部动力不足、过度和失当的情况在现实中同时存在。它们分别通过影响内部动力从而导致家庭农场发展总体偏慢、部分地区出现大跃进、部分地区出现结构性失衡。因此,政府应通过科学构建外部动力来合理调节内部动力,确保土地流转动力机制的充分平衡运行。一是要从消除流转农户后顾之忧和引导家庭农场健康发展两个方面强化供需动力,破解整体动力不足问题;二是要应尊重市场规律,正确定位角色,避免过度推动土地流转;三是要将重点放在夯实基础和科学补贴上,防止动力失当带来家庭农场发展结构性失衡问题。
英文摘要:
      The dynamic mechanism of land management right circulation of family farms is the result of the pressures from both internal and external forces. Based on the evolution of farmers’ differentiation and the relationship between farmers and their farmland during the growth of family farms, this paper analyzed the formation and function mechanism of the internal dynamics of land management right circulation and explored the defects of the dynamic mechanism in practice and their significant damages to farmland development and circulation. Results show that the foundation of farmland circulation were the driving forces of both farmland supply and demand. In addition, two essential conditions are required for farmland circulation, including strong driving forces of farmland supply and demand and low transaction costs of farmland circulation. External forces come from the institutional innovation of government and the practical innovation of village collectives, which are important means to strengthening internal driving forces of farmland supply and demand and reducing transaction costs. External forces are also critical to promote farmland circulation and the development of family farms. Only when the external forces are strong enough and follow the marketing rules, they can play important roles in promoting farmland management right circulation. This research also found that the lack of strength of external forces and excessive or inappropriate use of external forces exit at the same time, resulting in slow development of family farms and unbalanced development among different regions. Therefore this paper provides the following suggestions: to regulate and balance both internal and external forces, to eliminate the worries of rural households and guide the healthy development of family farms to increase the strength of internal driving forces, to follow the marketing rules and regulations and set proper boundaries for different involved agencies to avoid over pushing farmland circulation, and to enhance the foundation and proper subsidy to prevent unbalanced development of family farms.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭