文章摘要
农户生计资本对其耕地保护行为的影响——基于河南滑县的473个农户样本
The impact of livelihood capital on the farmers’ behavior of cultivated land protection: 473 farmers’ samples in Hua County, Henan
投稿时间:2018-03-24  修订日期:2018-07-04
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2018.0071
中文关键词: 农户生计资本  耕地保护行为  粮食主产区  河南滑县  心理资本
英文关键词: farmers’ livelihood capital  FCLPB  the major grain producing areas  Hua County  psychological capital
基金项目:国家社会科学基金西部项目(15XJY010);2014年陕西省社会科学基金一般项目(2014P21)
作者单位E-mail
曲朦 西北农林科技大学 mengq@nwafu.edu.cn 
赵凯 西北农林科技大学 zhaokai@nwafu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      文章以河南滑县为例,基于生计资本对耕地保护行为影响的理论框架,通过界定和测算农户生计资本和耕地保护行为水平,定量分析农户生计资本对其耕地保护行为的影响。结果显示:1)研究区农户耕地保护行为处于较低水平。2)农户人力资本和心理资本较为丰富,物质资本、社会资本和金融资本较为匮乏。3)粮食主产区农户人力资本、社会资本、自然资本和心理资本对其耕地保护行为均有显著的正向影响。具体来看,耕地质量等级、家中是否有人为村干部、幸福度指数、流转地比例和农户耕地保护政策认知均对耕地保护行为程度具有正向影响;劳动力受教育水平、细碎化程度、农户家庭年收入、公共设施的建设情况对耕地保护行为具有显著的负向影响。最后,根据实证结果提出了强化耕地保护政策和技术的培训、鼓励农户采用耕地保护性耕作方式以及构建耕地保护经济补偿机制等建议。
英文摘要:
      Based on a survey data of 473 households in Hua County, Henan Province, and applying the corresponding theoretical framework, this paper analyzed the impacts of farmers’ livelihood capital (FLC) on farmers’ farmland protection behaviors (FCLPB). Results show that the FCLPB is still at a low level in the surveyed areas. These households have rich human capital and psychological capital, but less physical capital, social capital and financial capital. All the human capital, social capital, natural capital and psychological capital have significant positive impacts on FCLPB in major grain producing areas. More specifically, the farmland quality grade, village leaders, farmers’ happiness index, land circulation rate, and farmers’ cognition of farmland protection policy have significant positive impacts on FCLPB, while households’ education, land fragmentation, households’ annual income, and public facilities have significant negative impacts. Therefore, this paper suggests: to strengthen the promotion of farmland protection policies, to provide farmers with more training of agricultural technologies, to encourage the adoption of farmland conservation methods, and to construct economic compensation mechanism for farmland protection.
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