文章摘要
市场主导型增减挂钩项目区农户福利变化及其影响因素研究
Farmers’ welfare changes and the influencing factors of the projects of market-oriented linking the increase and the decrease of rural-urban construction land
投稿时间:2018-03-05  修订日期:2018-06-03
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2018.0044
中文关键词: 城乡建设用地  增减挂钩  农户福利  市场主导模式  影响因素
英文关键词: urban and rural construction land  linking the increase and the decrease  farmers’ welfare  market-oriented mode  influencing factors
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(14BGL218)
作者单位E-mail
谢致红 华中农业大学公共管理学院 xiezhihong39@163.com 
王秀兰 华中农业大学公共管理学院 wangxiulan@mail.hzau.edu.cn 
梅昀 华中农业大学公共管理学院 meiyun@mail.hzau.edu.cn 
彭丹丹 武汉市不动产登记中心 383343313@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      从农户福利视角研究市场主导模式下城乡建设用地增减挂钩项目,对于理清增减挂钩政策实施成效、促进政策的可持续发展具有重要意义。基于森的可行能力理论,选取湖北省3个典型的市场主导型增减挂钩项目,采用模糊综合评价模型对项目区农户福利变化进行定量测度,运用多元线性回归模型分析福利变化的影响因素,探讨市场主导型增减挂钩项目区农户福利的变化特征及其内在机理。结果表明:项目实施前,彭墩村、郭店村和白云人家三个项目区农户的总福利指数偏小,分别为0.4680、0.3734、0.3604,项目实施后,三个项目区农户的总福利指数分别增加了0.0625、0.1743、0.2031,市场主导型增减挂钩项目对农户福利改进具有明显的积极作用,但作用效果有待加强。户主年龄、家庭非农劳动力比重、还建区面积、项目对公平的重视程度和区域经济水平对农户福利变化具有显著正向影响,而家庭被抚养人口比重对农户福利变化具有显著负向影响。研究表明,市场主导模式的增减挂钩项目具有较大优势,适宜在经济环境较好的地区推广,保护农户权益、尊重农户异质性是改进农户福利的关键点。基于此,提出完善农户权益保障机制;增强政府的政策制定和监督引导职能;优先在经济发达地区推行市场主导的增减挂钩模式;制定差异化补偿方案等政策建议。
英文摘要:
      Studying the projects of market-oriented linking the increase and the decrease of rural-urban construction land from the perspective of farmers’ welfare changes is of great significance to clarify the implementation effects of the policy and promote the sustainable development of the policy. Based on the theory of Sen’s feasible ability and three typical market-oriented linking the increase and the decrease of rural-urban construction land projects, and applying the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model, this paper quantitatively analyzed the farmers’ welfare changes in these projects and analyzed the influencing factors on farmers’ welfare changes by a multiple linear regression model. Results show that before the implementation of these projects, the total farmers’ welfare levels in the three project areas of Pendun, Guodian and Baiyunrenjia were 0.4680, 0.3734 and 0.3604 respectively and after the implementation of these projects, the total welfare levels of farmers in the three project areas increased by 0.0625, 0.1743 and 0.2031 respectively, showing obvious positive effects on farmers’ welfare improvement, but needing further improvement. The householder age, household non-farm labor share, reconstruction area, fairness of the project, and the regional economic level have significant positive impacts on farmers’ welfare changes. However, the proportion of family dependents has significant negative impacts on farmers’ welfare change. This study also shows that the market-oriented mode has a bigger superiority. Promoting better economic environment in these regions, protecting the rights and interests of farmers, and respecting the heterogeneity of farmers are the key points to improve the farmers’ welfare. In summary, this paper provides the following suggestions: to improve the protection mechanism of farmers’ rights and interests, to strengthen the policy formulation and supervision of government, to implement the market-oriented mode projects preferably in economically developed areas, and to develop a differential compensation plan.
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