文章摘要
基于绿道网络构建乡村生态体验旅游空间——以宽甸满族自治县为例
Greenway network based ecological experience tourism space construction in rural areas: A case study of Kuandian Manchu Autonomous County
投稿时间:2018-02-26  修订日期:2018-04-08
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2018.0033
中文关键词: 绿道网络  乡村旅游  生态体验旅游  空间重构  适宜性分析  多尺度绿道
英文关键词: greenway network  rural tourism  ecological experience tourism  space reconstruction  suitability analysis  multiscale greenway
基金项目:中央财政专项乡村旅游转型升级研究创新项目(ZX201701);辽宁省乡村振兴战略研究基地项目(Lnxc2018-12);辽东学院青年项目(2017QN051)
作者单位E-mail
郭屹岩 辽东学院农学院 guo731231@163.com 
刘利 辽东学院农学院 ddll70@163.com 
张春鹏 辽东学院城市学院 zcp27@163.com 
摘要点击次数: 609
全文下载次数: 482
中文摘要:
      绿道网络构建的乡村旅游空间是新型乡村旅游发展的重要载体,其网络化空间格局可有效推进乡村旅游生态化、全域化、体验式发展。基于景观生态学理论,以全国乡村旅游示范县宽甸满族自治县为例,运用层次分析法、GIS适宜性分析和可达性分析、多尺度绿道规划方法,确立适宜乡村旅游发展的绿道网络,多要素结合构建出乡村生态体验旅游空间。结果表明,研究区域景观资源、道路、水系、地形坡度和绿地斑块5个因子对绿道选线有重要影响,其中景观资源因子权重0.431,影响力最大;宽甸县域绿道适宜性用地多为水系或原有道路沿线的开敞空间用地,与山地地形肌理结合紧密。“一轴两带多线”的绿道网络提供了特色山岳景观线路、鸭绿江景观线路和多样化的乡村景观游览线路,结合空间节点设置3级服务站点,形成全域分布的旅游线路和设施。因此,构建乡村生态体验旅游空间需因地制宜的构建城乡生态绿道网络,拓展生态体验空间;规划多级绿道,增强城乡交通联系;融合城乡空间,推进设施共建;整合乡村特色景观资源,增加旅游深度体验;点线串联,促进多产业联合与多主体参与。
英文摘要:
      Rural tourism space constructed by greenway networks is an important carrier for the development of rural tourism. A more efficient spatial pattern of network can effectively promote the ecological, comprehensive and experiential development of rural tourism. This paper examined the construction of ecological experience tourism space in Kuandian Manchu Autonomous County, a National Rural Tourism Demonstration County. Methods of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), suitability and accessibility analysis conducted in GIS and multi-scale greenway planning were used to establish the greenway networks for rural tourism development. The greenway networks multi-element forms a rural ecological experience tourism space. The results suggested that the regional landscape resources, roads, water system, slope angles and green patches have important influence on the greenway routes selection. The landscape resource is the most important factor (weight 0.431). Suitable land for greenway construction is the open space along riverside or original road line, which is closely combined with the mountain terrain texture. The greenway network is composed of “one axis, two bands and multi-lines”. They make a global distribution of tourism lines and facilities, by providing touring routes include specific features, such as mountain landscape routes, Yalu River landscape routes, diversified rural landscape routes, and setting up 3 level service sites connected with spacial nodes. Critical considerations for the construction of urban and rural ecological greenway network include: the design should be based on local conditions to expand ecological experience space; plan multi-level green roads to strengthen urban and rural transport links; integrate urban and rural space to promote the co-construction of facilities; integrate rural feature landscape resources to increase the depth of tourism experience; connect point-line series to promote multi-industry association and multi-subject participation.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭