文章摘要
以产业兴旺促湖南乡村振兴战略的实现
Realizing the rural vitalization strategy of Hunan by promoting rural industrialization
投稿时间:2018-02-24  修订日期:2018-02-27
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2018.0017
中文关键词: 乡村振兴战略  产业兴旺  主要矛盾  城乡差距  湖南
英文关键词: rural vitalization strategy  the prosperity of the industry  principal contradiction  urban-rural gap  Hunan
基金项目:湖南省社科基金重大项目(16ZDA15)
作者单位E-mail
曾福生 湖南农业大学经济学院 zefusheng@163.com 
蔡保忠 湖南农业大学经济学院 cbz1017@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      在城乡二元结构仍较为明显的背景下,农村空心化、农业边缘化和农民老龄化问题日益凸显。实施乡村振兴战略对未来国家现代化进程中的农业农村发展具有重要的指导意义。乡村振兴战略总要求中首要的是产业兴旺,产业兴旺是实现农业、农村、农民现代化的关键所在。湖南作为中部农业大省,农村产业发展相对滞后,必须要以产业兴旺来促进乡村振兴战略的实现。但当前湖南农村产业不够兴旺,主要表现在“一产不够强”、“二产不够优”、“三产不够活”、“一二三产业融合遭遇困境”4个方面。因此,强调在湖南乡村振兴战略中,产业兴旺的重要内容主要有“发展现代农业”、“发展新产业新业态”和“推动三次产业融合”。为实现湖南农村产业兴旺,带动湖南乡村全面振兴,提出要做好顶层设计、实现农业农村基础设施优先发展、进一步深化农村改革、健全政策支持体系等对策建议。
英文摘要:
      Under the background of the obvious urban-rural dual structure, rural hollowing, agricultural marginalization and farmers’ aging become more and more prominent. Implementing the strategy of rural revitalization has great importance to the development of agricultural industry and rural society during the process of national modernization. The prosperity of rural industrialization is not only the main requirement of the rural vitalization, but also a key to the realization of agricultural modernization. Hunan Province, as an agricultural province in the central region, has lagged behind in the development of rural industry. Therefore, it is necessary to promote the implementation of the strategy of rural rejuvenation with the prosperity of rural industry. However, the rural industry in Hunan is not prosperous enough in the following aspects: “the first industry is not strong enough”, “the second industry is not good enough”, “the third industry is not flexible enough”, and “three-industry-integration faces serious difficulty”. At the same time, this paper further emphasized on Hunan’s rural vitalization strategy, an important part of the industry prosperity, including “the development of modern agriculture”, “the development of new industry and new business model”, and “the promotion of industry amalgamation”. Finally, to realize Hunan’s rural industry prosperity and the rural vitalization strategy, this paper provides the following suggestions: to perfect the policy design from the top level, to prioritize the development of rural infrastructure, to enhance the rural reform, and to improve the policy support system.
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