文章摘要
湖北省地理标志产品空间分布及其影响因素研究
Spatial distribution of Geographical Indications and the influencing factors in Hubei Province
投稿时间:2018-02-11  修订日期:2018-03-29
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2018.0054
中文关键词: 地理标志产品  空间分布  热点区域  区域差异  影响因素
英文关键词: geographical indications  spatial distribution  hot spots  reginal difference  influencing factors
基金项目:湖北省自然科学基金创新群体项目(2016CFA027);湖北省人民政府智力成果采购项目(HBZD-2015-03)
作者单位E-mail
韩磊 华中师范大学 billykent@mails.ccnu.edu.cn 
谢双玉 华中师范大学 xieshuangyu@mail.ccnu.edu.cn 
王宏志 华中师范大学 wanghongzhi@mail.ccnu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      自中国进入经济新常态以来,地理标志的发展已经进入了一个新时期,其利用对于我国农业供给侧改革具有重要意义。运用地理集中指数、核密度估计法、最邻近指数等空间和统计分析方法,分析了湖北省不同部门、不同类型地理标志产品的空间分布特征及其影响因素。结果表明:湖北省地市州(林区)地理标志数量的分布较均匀,但不同部门、不同类型地理标志的表现有所不同,质检地理标志以及中药材、水果与坚果、茶产品、禽畜制成品、水产品类地理标志的分布相对集中;不同类型工商地理标志点呈现不同的空间分布类型:茶产品、豆制品与加工食品类地理标志点分散分布,具有双热点区域;蔬菜与菌类、水产品、畜禽制成品类地理标志点集聚分布,具有单热点区域;水果与坚果、中药材和粮食作物类地理标志点也呈集聚分布,但具有多个热点区域;区域的常住人口和农业经济发展水平是影响该区域地理标志数量的主要社会经济因素,地形、水文和生物多样性等自然因素以及人口和整体经济发展水平控制着不同类型地理标志的空间分布特征和区域差异。研究表明,湖北省各类地理标志产品对当地经济的贡献相当有限。因此,湖北省应加强地理标志的利用,发挥地理标志的品牌效应,帮助农民创收增收,促进区域农业经济发展,同时,还应因地制宜地有意识、有计划地培育地理标志。
英文摘要:
      Since the appearance of “the New Norm of Economy” in China, the development of Geographical Indications (GIs) has entered a new era recently. The utilization of GIs is of great significance for the current agricultural supply side reform. This paper analyzed the spatial distribution characteristics and their influencing factors of GIs of different departments and categories in Hubei Province by using spatial and statistical analysis methods such as geographic concentration index, kernel density estimation, and nearest neighbor index. Results show that: the number of GIs in Hubei Province are distributed evenly in the 17 prefectures, but the GIs from different departments or different categories show different characteristics: the GIs announced by the General Administrator of Quality Supervision, including the GIs of Inspection and Quarantine, of Chinese herbs, of fruits and nuts, of tea products, and of livestock, poultry and aquatic products, are relatively concentrated. The GIs announced by the State Administration for Industry and Commerce showed different spatial patterns: the GIs of tea products, of bean products, and of processing foods are dispersed with two hot spots; while the GIs of vegetables and mushrooms, of aquatic products, of livestock and poultry are clustered with single hot spot and the GIs of fruits and nuts, of Chinese herbs, and of food crops are clustered with several hot spots. The number of GIs of different prefectures was mainly affected by resident population and agricultural economic level, while the spatial pattern of GIs of different categories was determined by regional altitude, hydrology and biodiversity, and significantly related to resident population and overall economic level, too. In addition, results also indicate that the GIs contributed little to the local economy of Hubei Province. Therefore, this paper suggests to enhance the utilization of GIs and to exert their brand effect to increase farmers’ income and to promote local economy development, and to consciously and strategically develop GIs in accordance with regional conditions.
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