文章摘要
水库移民安置“两区”土地公平补偿原理与改革对策研究
The principles of fair land compensation and reform suggestions for the “two areas” of reservoir migrant resettlement
投稿时间:2017-11-18  修订日期:2018-01-11
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2018.0003
中文关键词: 水库移民  淹没区和安置区  土地补偿  补偿原理  补偿标准  土地产权
英文关键词: reservoir migrants  submerged area and resettlement area  land compensation  compensation principles  compensation standards  land property rights
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(14BGL203)
作者单位E-mail
陈银蓉 华中农业大学公共管理学院 cyr@mail.hzau.edu.cn 
刘晔 华中农业大学公共管理学院 liuye101182@webmail.hzau.edu.cn 
甘臣林 华中农业大学公共管理学院 ganchenlin@webmail.hzau.edu.cn 
刘秋彤 华中农业大学公共管理学院 lqt199492@webmail.hzau.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      水库移民安置工作是水利水电工程顺利建设和社会和谐稳定的重要保证,从公平视角研究淹没区和安置区(两区)土地补偿问题对协调两区利益和平衡社会公平具有重要意义。基于亚当斯公平理论,以水库移民安置为例,分析现行两区土地补偿制度中存在的不公平问题,并针对不公平问题,探讨改革对策。结果表明,土地公平补偿应按照完全补偿原则和补偿标准统一原则对土地权利人遭受的全部损失进行补偿,以保障土地权利人的权利状况和福利水平不降低。然而,现行两区土地补偿制度中存在土地补偿的法定地位与补偿标准不对等,土地补偿标准与土地权利价值损失和福利损失不对等的问题。因此,在两区土地补偿制度的改革过程中,应从法律法规层面将两区土地补偿置于同等地位,明确基于土地征收用途的土地公平补偿价格构成体系及其测算方法,并丰富两区土地补偿的内容与形式,在明晰农村集体土地产权的基础上逐步建立农村土地产权交易市场。
英文摘要:
      Reservoir migrant resettlement is an important guarantee for smoothing the construction of hydropower projects and social harmony. Studying land compensation issues from the perspective of fairness is significant to coordinating interests and balancing social equity between submerged area and resettlement area (the “two areas”). Based on the Adams Equity Theory and using reservoir migrant resettlement as an example, this paper analyzed the existing unfair problems in current land compensation system between the two areas and discussed some reform suggestions. Results show that fair land compensation should compensate all losses suffered by land holders according to the principles of complete compensation and unification of compensation standards in order to guarantee that rights and welfare levels of land holders are not reduced. However, there exist inequalities between the two areas. Current legal status and the standard of land compensation are not equal and the compensation rate is not equal to the losses of land property rights and welfare. Therefore, to perfect the compensation system, the land compensations for the two areas should be equal from the legal perspective. The composition of fair land compensation price and its calculation method should be based on the use of land expropriation. At the same time, it is necessary to enrich the content and form, to clarify the definition of rural collective land property rights, and to establish rural land property right trading market gradually.
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