文章摘要
农产品质量安全管制效果影响因素研究——基于DEMATEL方法
Influencing factors of the effects of agricultural product quality and safety control based on the DEMATEL method
投稿时间:2017-09-28  修订日期:2018-01-21
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2018.0012
中文关键词: 农产品  质量安全  质量管理  管制效果  农产品流通  参与主体  DEMATEL方法
英文关键词: agricultural products  quality and safety  quality management  control effect  circulation of agricultural products  main circulation business  the DEMATEL method
基金项目:国家社会科学基金青年项目(16CJY048);浙江省哲学社会科学重点研究基地(浙江财经大学政府管制与公共政策研究中心)项目(14JDGZ02Z);黑龙江省哲学社会科学一般项目(17GLB023)
作者单位E-mail
詹帅 哈尔滨商业大学管理学院 300235@hrbcu.edu.cn 
霍红 哈尔滨商业大学管理学院 102184@hrbcu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      农业现代化过程中一个重要的问题就是全面提升农产品质量安全,新形势下农产品质量安全管制对各参与主体的要求有所改变。基于质量管理的相关理论,运用DEMATEL方法,采取专家打分的方式取得新的数据,构建数据分析模型,结合我国绿色产品认证的具体办法对农产品质量安全管制效果影响因素进行划分,探讨农产品质量安全管制效果影响因素的内部关系问题。结果表明,农产品质量安全管制效果的影响因素中农产品流通参与主体的质量安全行为管制这一因素在一级指标中中心度最高,达21.439。二级指标中市场准入管理、质量安全技术创新、产地环境风险预警和流通参与主体质量安全意识的提升等原因度大于0,属于原因因素。检验检测标准执行、包装与储运环节安全保证等原因度小于0,属于结果因素。农产品质量安全管制效果中心度较高的因素有质量安全检验检测标准执行、技术创新、市场监察和流通参与主体质量安全意识的提升等。在此基础之上,提出通过引导流通参与主体自我管制、加强政府对市场准入管制的基石作用、通过创新改善农产品交易环境、发挥先进科学技术的作用完善检验检测制度来提升管制效果。
英文摘要:
      An important issue in the process of agricultural modernization is to comprehensively improve the quality and safety of agricultural products. The requirements of the quality and safety control of agricultural products for main businesses under the new situation have evolved. Applying the expert scoring method and the DEMATEL model, this paper categorized the influencing factors of the specific management method of green product certification on the quality and safety control of agricultural products and discussed the internal relationship among the influencing factors. Results show that among the primary influencing factors, the safety behavior control of the product circulation businesses had the highest primary impact index, which was 21.439. Among the secondary influencing factors, market access management, quality and safety technology innovation, environmental risk early warning, and the improvement of the quality and safety awareness of the main businesses had positive impact indices. While inspection and testing standard execution, packing, storage, and transportation safety guarantee had negative impact indices. The factors with high quality safety control effect on agricultural products include quality safety inspection and inspection standard execution, technical innovation, market supervision and the improvement of the quality safety consciousness of the participating businesses. To improve the quality and safety control of agricultural products, this paper provides the following policy suggestions: guiding the main circulation businesses to self-control, strengthening the cornerstone role of government regulation, improving the market environment of agricultural products, and encouraging the adoption of new technology in product inspection.
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