文章摘要
南方稻田土壤有效态镉提取方法研究
Comparison of single extraction methods for assessing Cd availability in paddy soils in south China
投稿时间:2017-09-25  修订日期:2017-11-29
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2017.0123
中文关键词: 有效态镉  提取方法  稻米  成土母质  南方稻田土壤  季别  品种
英文关键词: available cadmium  extraction methods  rice  soil parent materials  paddy soils in south China  rice seasons  rice varieties
基金项目:公益性行业(农业)科研专项(201403015);国家自然科学基金项目(41371318)
作者单位E-mail
熊婕 中国科学院亚热带农业生态研究所 xiongjie2015s@163.com 
朱奇宏 中国科学院亚热带农业生态研究所 qhzhu@isa.ac.cn 
黄道友 中国科学院亚热带农业生态研究所 dyhuang@isa.ac.cn 
朱捍华 中国科学院亚热带农业生态研究所 hhzhu@isa.ac.cn 
许超 中国科学院亚热带农业生态研究所 xuchao1388@126.com 
王帅 中国科学院亚热带农业生态研究所 1023755347@qq.com 
王辉 湖南农业大学 1368878103@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      土壤有效态镉是评估土壤镉污染风险和指导镉污染土壤修复的重要指标,但适用于我国南方稻田土壤的有效态镉提取方法尚未明确。为此,采集典型南方稻田土壤与早晚稻“一对二”样品90组,采用0.1 mol/L CaCl2(T1)、0.01 mol/L CaCl2(T2)、DTPA(T3)、NH4OAc(T4)、TCLP(T5)、HCl(T6)、Mehlich III(T7)、NaNO3(T8)、Mehlich I(T9)9种方法,分析了其提取能力及提取态镉与稻米镉含量的相关关系。与土壤全镉相比,9种方法分别能够提取土壤全镉的4.7%~74.4%,而提取态镉与稻米镉含量呈现更好的相关性;其中T1的提取能力适中(提取率为41.9%),其提取态镉含量与早稻、晚稻以及早晚稻米镉含量均达到极显著相关(P<0.01),相关系数(r)分别为0.618、0.338和0.363,且与大多数供试水稻品种稻米镉含量的相关性也达到显著水平(P<0.05),相关系数(r)为0.376~0.793。研究表明,0.1 mol/L CaCl2法可推荐为我国南方稻田土壤有效态镉的提取方法。
英文摘要:
      Soil available Cd plays a key role in soil Cd pollution risk assessment and Cd-contaminated soil remediation. However, there was limited research on the suitable single extraction method for evaluating the Cd bioavailability from paddy soils to rice in south China. Therefore, 90 groups of ‘one-to-two’ soil and rice (both early rice and late rice) samples were collected and 9 single extraction methods were assessed. The extraction methods were 0.1 mol/L CaCl2 (T1), 0.01 mol/L CaCl2 (T2), DTPA (T3), NH4OAc (T4), TCLP (T5), HCl (T6), Mehlich III (T7), NaNO3 (T8) and Mehlich I (T9). The extraction capacity and relationship between extractable Cd and Cd contents in rice were analyzed. The results indicated that the 4.7% to 74.4% of the total Cd in soils could be extracted by different extractants and the sequence of extraction capacity from high to low was: T7, T6, T9, T3, T1, T5, T4, T2, T8. The correlation relationships between extracted Cd in soils and Cd contents in rice were better than that between soil total Cd and rice Cd contents. Among the 9 tested extractants, T1 has an intermediate extraction capacity (41.9%). In T1 treatment, significant correlations were detected between extractable Cd in soils and Cd in early rice, late rice and both early rice and late rice with r of 0.618, 0.338 and 0.363, respectively (P<0.01). Moreover, significant correlations were discovered between extractable Cd of T1 treatment in soils and rice Cd contents of major rice varieties (r = 0.376 to 0.793). In conclusion, the phytoavailability of Cd in paddy soils could be well described by extractable Cd from method T1 and it could be recommended as the extraction method of soil available Cd in south China.
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