文章摘要
当前农业新业态发展的阶段特征与对策建议
Stage characteristics and suggestions for the current new agricultural industry
投稿时间:2017-05-17  修订日期:2017-08-28
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2017.0099
中文关键词: 业态  农业新业态  农业多功能  生命周期  地域特征
英文关键词: industry  new agricultural industry  agricultural multifunctional development  life cycle  regional characteristic
基金项目:农业部软科学研究项目(201605);北京市优秀人才培养资助项目(2015000020060G144);北京市农林科学院科技创新团队项目(JNKST201601)
作者单位E-mail
陈慈 北京市农林科学院农业信息与经济研究所 chenci@agri.ac.cn 
陈俊红 北京市农林科学院农业信息与经济研究所 chenjunhong@agri.ac.cn 
龚晶 北京市农林科学院农业信息与经济研究所 gongj@agri.ac.cn 
孙素芬 北京市农林科学院农业信息与经济研究所 sunsf@agri.ac.cn 
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中文摘要:
      农业新业态是现代农业发展到一定阶段,通过产业创新和产业融合而产生的不同于传统业态的农业新型产业形态。当前农业新业态的“新”,最突出的特征表现在技术的进步、农业多功能的拓展以及新要素价值的凸显。依据农业新业态的产生路径,可将现有种类繁多的农业新业态划分为服务型农业新业态、创新型农业新业态、社会化农业新业态、内部融合型农业新业态和综合型农业新业态等5大类别。从生命周期阶段特征看,当前,休闲农业、农产品电子商务等新业态已走出萌芽期,进入到成长期的快速推进阶段。创意农业、阳台农业、农产品电子商务等新业态则在积极探索之中,处于萌芽期。从地域特征看,农业新业态的发育与所在地区经济发展水平高度相关,东部地区农业新业态发育较为充分,西部地区反应相对较慢,呈现东中西的空间梯度格局。大中城市周边成为推进各类农业新业态发展的重点区域。整体上看,虽然农业新业态在我国已现多发态势,但普遍存在发展水平不高、农民就业增收带动不强、基础设施建设滞后、市场监管缺失等问题。因此,培育壮大农业新业态,需进一步明确农业新业态培育的原则,加大基础设施和公共服务支撑,探索建立紧密型利益联结机制,加强农业新业态市场监管与规范。
英文摘要:
      The new agricultural industry is the product of industrial innovation and industrial integration when the development of modern agriculture reached a certain stage. Currently, the characteristic of “new” embodies in the technical progress, agricultural multifunctional development, and the value of new factors. According to the path of generation, the new agricultural industry can be divided into 5 categories: service-oriented new agricultural industry, innovation-oriented new agricultural industry, socialized new agricultural industry, internally integrated new agricultural industry, and comprehensively integrated new agricultural industry. From the perspective of life cycle stage, leisure agriculture and e-commerce are in the stage of growing, showing a great potential for the future development. Other new agricultural industries are still in the embryo stage. From the perspective of geography, the development of new agricultural industry is highly related to the economic and technological levels of the region. New agricultural industry in the eastern region has developed more fully; while in the western region, it is relatively slow, showing a spatial gradient pattern from the east, to the middle, and then to the west. Large and medium-sized cities are the important areas of new agricultural industry. Currently, the new agricultural industry still has some problems, including the low level of development, lack of infrastructure construction, and weak market supervision. To cultivate and strengthen the new agricultural industry, this paper suggests to clarify the principles of new agricultural industry, to increase infrastructure construction, to enhance public service support, to explore a tight mechanism, and to perfect market supervision and regulation.
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