文章摘要
社会资本对农民工返乡创业意愿的影响效应分析——基于互联网嵌入视角
The impacts of the social capital on the willingness of migrant workers returning to hometown to start their own businesses: From the perspective of network embeddedness
投稿时间:2020-05-07  修订日期:2020-07-17
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2020.0070
中文关键词: 互联网嵌入  社会资本分化  虚拟社会资本  现实社会资本  农民工  返乡创业意愿  结构方程模型
英文关键词: internet embeddedness  social capital differentiation  the virtual social capital  the real social capital  migrant workers  willingness to return to hometown to start their own businesses  the structural equation model
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目(15ZDA052)
作者单位E-mail
张思阳 西北农林科技大学经济管理学院 zsy18202955528@163.com 
赵敏娟 西北农林科技大学经济管理学院 minjuan.zhao@nwsuaf.edu.cn 
应新安 浙江大学公共管理学院 yingxaup@163.com 
牛方妍 西安交通大学管理学院 13121999855@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      农民工返乡创业能够有效培育农村经济发展的内生力量,对促进乡村振兴战略具有重要现实意义。在当前信息时代背景下,社会资本因互联网的嵌入已分化为现实社会资本和虚拟社会资本,这对农民工返乡创业意愿的影响效应可能不同。基于互联网嵌入视角,利用西安市406个农民工的微观调查数据,运用结构方程模型,分析现实社会资本和虚拟社会资本对农民工返乡创业意愿的影响效应。结果表明,农民工返乡创业意愿较为强烈;现实社会资本对农民工返乡创业意愿具有直接正向影响;虚拟社会资本对农民工返乡创业意愿具有直接负向影响、间接正向影响;虚拟社会资本可以转化为现实社会资本;虚拟社会资本正在逐步取代部分现实社会资本成为提升农民工返乡创业意愿的重要推力;互联网嵌入对于现实社会资本具有直接负向影响,对虚拟社会资本具有直接正向影响,对农民工返乡创业意愿没有直接影响。据此,提出加快农村地区经济组织发展,增加现实社会资本的累积;建立并完善信息服务平台,加强互联网信息审核机制的政策建议。
英文摘要:
      Migrant workers returning to hometown to start their own businesses can effectively cultivate the endogenous power of rural economic development, which is of great practical significance for promoting the rural revitalization strategy. In the context of the current information age, the social capital has been differentiated into the real social capital and the virtual social capital due to the embedding of the Internet, which may have different effects on the willingness of migrant workers returning to hometown to start their own businesses. Based on the microcosmic survey data of 406 migrant workers in Xi’an city, this paper analyzed the impacts of the real social capital and the virtual social capital on the willingness of migrant workers returning to hometown to start their own businesses from the perspective of Internet embedding by the structural equation model. Results show that migrant workers have a strong willingness to return to hometown to start their own businesses. The real social capital has a direct positive influence on the willingness of migrant workers returning to hometown to start their own businesses; While the virtual social capital has a direct negative influence and an indirect positive influence on the willingness of migrant workers returning to hometown to start their own businesses. In addition, the virtual social capital can be transformed into the real social capital, which is gradually replacing part of the real social capital to become an important force to increase the willingness of migrant workers returning to hometown to start their own businesses. For the Internet embedding, results show that it has a direct negative impact on the real social capital and a direct positive impact on the virtual social capital, but it has no any direct impact on the willingness of migrant workers returning to hometown to start their own businesses. In summary, this paper suggests to accelerate the development of rural economic organizations to increase the accumulation of social capital, to establish and improve the information service platform, and to strengthen the Internet information audit mechanism.
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