文章摘要
精细农业理念促进现代农业产业链、价值链和利益链“三链耦合”
Precision agriculture promotes the integration of the industrial chain, the value chain and the benefit chain of modern agriculture
投稿时间:2020-02-13  修订日期:2020-06-11
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2020.0052
中文关键词: 农业产业链  价值链  利益链  精细农业  耦合
英文关键词: agricultural industrial chain  the value chain  the benefit chain  precision agriculture  integration
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(71473080)
作者单位E-mail
匡远配 湖南农业大学经济学院 kyp0008@163.com 
易梦丹 湖南农业大学经济学院 787199808@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      农业产业链、价值链和利益链之间的理想模式应该是“三链耦合”,三者相互协调与耦合发展,形成良性循环状态,实现提升农业质量和农产品竞争力、促进农民增收的目标。本文基于农业产业链、价值链和利益链三者之间的脉络延续关系,分析其“三链耦合”中的目标偏移,寻找其理想模式,阐明精细农业理念促进“三链耦合”发展的机理,探讨延长产业链、提升价值链和优化利益链的路径。研究表明,现代农业发展中,由于产业主体、产业本身、技术水平和市场建设等原因,导致价值形成、利益分享、风险抵御和产品定价等机制失衡,从而形成“三链耦合”的目标偏离,阻碍产业链的拓展、价值链的提升与利益链的完善。精细农业通过农业生产投入、过程和产出的精细化来拓展农业产业链、提升价值链和完善利益链,有效促进农业产业链、价值链和利益链“三链耦合”。为了使农民能合理分享到全产业链的增值收益,促进农民增收和农业现代化发展,需要通过加强精细化基地建设来构建“三链耦合”的基础;推动农村三产融合发展来打造“三链耦合”的引擎;发展农产品精深加工创新“三链耦合”的推进模式;优化主体利益联结机制来完善“三链耦合”的核心纽带和健全政策支持体系与农业社会化服务体系来加强“三链耦合”的支撑。
英文摘要:
      The industrial chain, the value chain and the benefit chain of agriculture should be integrated to form a virtuous cycle and the three chains should develop in an integrated and coordinated way, which leads to the realization of the ultimate goals of improving the quality and the competitiveness of agricultural products and increasing farmers’ income. Based on the continuation of the relationship among the industrial chain, the value chain and the benefit chain, this paper seeks to analyze the target deviation in the integration of the three chains, to find an ideal model, and to explore the mechanism of precision agriculture promoting the development of the integration of the three chains, and to discuss the ways to extend the industrial chain, to enhance the value chain and to optimize the benefit chain. Results show that currently due to the limitation of industrial entities, technology, and market, the mechanism of value formation, benefit sharing, risk resistance, and product pricing has not been well developed. Thus, it leads to a deviation from an integrated industrial value chain and hinders the expansion of the industrial chain, the promotion of the value chain, and the improvement of the benefit chain. Precision agriculture will help to achieve the goal through the refinement of agricultural production inputs, processes and outputs, and effectively to promote the integration of the three trains of agriculture. In order to allow farmers to share the value-added benefits of the entire industrial chain, to increase farmers’ income, and to promote agricultural modernization development, it is necessary to strengthen the base construction for precision agriculture. In addition, promoting the integrated development of the three industries in rural areas will help create the engine for the integration and innovative deep processing method for agriculture products will help push the integration. This paper also suggests optimizing the mechanism of connecting key stakeholders to bridge the integration and improving the policy support system and agricultural service systems to strengthen the support for the integration of the three chains.
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