文章摘要
农户异质性风险偏好对耕地休耕决策行为的影响
The impacts of risk preference heterogeneity of farmers on their fallowing decision behaviors
投稿时间:2019-12-09  最后修改时间:2020-03-10
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2020.0048
中文关键词: 农户  异质性  风险偏好  休耕  决策行为
英文关键词: farmers  heterogeneity  risk preference  fallow  decision-making behavior
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(16CJY044;18BGL173)
作者单位E-mail
刘丹 北京林业大学 liu123424@126.com 
巩前文 北京林业大学 gongqianwen@bjfu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      风险偏好影响个体决策行为。研究耕地休耕政策主要参与主体农户的风险偏好对耕地休耕决策行为的影响,将有助于合理引导不同类型农户参与耕地休耕,加快耕地休耕试点政策的推进。基于甘肃省白银市、湖南省长沙市、株洲市和河北省衡水市683份农户调查问卷,通过构建Logistic模型,实证分析农户异质性风险偏好对耕地休耕决策行为的影响。结果表明:1)调研农户中,风险规避型农户占比远高于风险偏好型农户;2)农户风险偏好对耕地休耕决策行为具有正向影响,风险偏好型农户耕地休耕意愿明显强于风险规避型农户;3)风险规避型农户内部,风险规避等级与农户耕地休耕决策负相关,极度风险规避者耕地休耕意愿强烈;4)农户家庭劳动力结构、收入特征和农户对耕地休耕政策的认知影响农户耕地休耕决策。因此,中国可以从开发政策性耕地休耕保险产品、建立耕地休耕与农村劳动力就业保障联动机制、提高农户对耕地休耕风险的认知等方面,着手提高农户参与耕地休耕政策的积极性,增加耕地休耕政策执行效益。
英文摘要:
      Risk preference affects individual decision-making behaviors. Studying the risk preference heterogeneity of policymakers and main participating farmers of farmland fallowing practice is of great significance for guiding different types of farmers to participate in farmland fallowing and for promoting the implementation of farmland fallowing policy. Based on a survey data of 683 farmers from Baiyin City of Gansu Province, Changsha City and Zhuzhou City of Hunan Province, and Hengshui City of Hebei Province, this paper analyzed the influences of farmers’ risk preference heterogeneity on their fallowing decision behaviors. Results show that: 1) Risk-averse farmers accounted for a higher proportion than risk-preference farmers; 2) Risk-preference farmers were more willing to adopt farmland fallowing practice than risk-averse farmers; and 3) Among risk-averse farmers, the adoption behaviors of farmland fallowing practice were negatively related to the degree of the risk-averse. In addition, this research also finds that the structure of the labor force of a household, household income, and their cognition of the farmland fallowing policy have some influences on farmers’ fallowing adoption behaviors. Therefore, this paper suggests that the government should form and implement some measures to increase farmers’ enthusiasm for participating in the farmland fallowing programs by developing policy-type insurance products of farmland fallowing, constructing a linkage mechanism between farmland fallowing and the employment security of rural labors, and raising farmers’ awareness of the risks in farmland fallowing.
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