文章摘要
信息获取渠道如何影响农户生产方式选择——基于11省食用菌种植户数据的考察
The effects of information acquisition channels on farmers’ adoption of production modes: Evidence from edible fungus growers in 11 provinces
投稿时间:2019-11-19  最后修改时间:2020-03-13
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2020.0028
中文关键词: 信息获取渠道  生产方式选择  专业化菌棒  家庭自制菌棒  食用菌生产
英文关键词: information channels  the adoption of production modes  industrial fungus sticks  home-made fungus sticks  edible fungus production
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务专项资金资助项目(2662017PY045);中国博士后科学基金资助项目(2019T120736,2018M640790);国家食用菌产业技术体系(CARS-24)
作者单位E-mail
丁李立 华中农业大学经济管理学院 dll7106@163.com 
张露 华中农业大学经济管理学院 luzhang@mail.hzau.edu.cn 
张俊飚 华中农业大学经济管理学院 zhangjunbiao@mail.hzau.edu.cn 
刘勇 佛罗里达大学农业与生命科学学院,美国 盖恩斯维尔 yongliu1@ufl.edu 
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中文摘要:
      推动食用菌种植户生产方式的转变,对于改善生态环境、农民增收以及实现乡村振兴都具有重要意义。基于中国食用菌主产区11个省份食用菌种植户的调查数据,运用Logit模型与倾向得分匹配方法(PSM),分析不同信息获取渠道对农户传统家庭自制菌棒与专业化生产菌棒两种生产方式选择行为的影响。结果表明,样本中70%的食用菌种植户选择家庭自制菌棒的生产方式,而仅有30%的种植户倾向于专业化制作菌棒的生产方式。以电话和电视为代表的信息获取渠道会显著地推动食用菌种植户选择家庭自制菌棒的生产方式,但互联网信息获取渠道对农户生产方式选择行为的影响并不显著;相反地,以企业和合作社为代表的信息获取渠道会促进农户选择专业化生产菌棒的生产方式;此外,信息获取渠道对于不同品种食用菌种植户的生产方式选择存在异质性。据此,得出应充分考虑农户现有的信息获取方式,发挥多样化信息获取渠道在农户生产方式选择过程中的作用等启示。
英文摘要:
      Transforming the mode of growing edible fungus plays a vital role in improving the ecological environment, increasing farmers’ income and achieving rural vitalization. Based on a survey data of edible fungus growers from 11 main producing provinces in China and applying a Logit model and propensity score matching method (PSM), this study analyzed the effects of various information channels on farmers’ choosing behaviors between home-made sticks and industrial sticks. Results show that 70% of edible fungus growers prefer the mode of home-made sticks, while only 30% of farmers prefer industrial sticks. All information provided by telephone and television significantly promotes the probability of adopting home-made mode, while the effect of the internet is not significant. On the contrary, when the source of information is enterprises and cooperatives, growers are more likely to adopt industrial sticks. Besides, the impacts of information channels vary with the characteristics of growers. Therefore, the policy implications include examining farmers’ existing information acquisition channels carefully and then guiding farmers’ production mode selection by applying proper information acquisition channels.
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