文章摘要
耕地禀赋、非农就业与农户多元耕地保护补偿方式选择
Farmland endowment, non-agricultural employment and the choice of diversified compensation patterns for farmland protection
投稿时间:2019-10-03  最后修改时间:2020-03-27
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2020.0039
中文关键词: 耕地禀赋  非农就业  耕地保护  补偿方式  河南省
英文关键词: farmland endowment  non-agricultural employment  farmland protection  compensation patterns  Henan Province
基金项目:陕西省社科界重大理论与现实问题研究项目(2019C160);国家社会科学基金西部项目(15XJY010)
作者单位E-mail
崔悦 西北农林科技大学经济管理学院 601409427@qq.com 
张仁慧 西北农林科技大学经济管理学院  
赵凯 西北农林科技大学经济管理学院 zhaokai@nwafu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      补偿方式的合理设计不仅是补偿机制顺利展开的客观要求,更是满足农户长远生计,保障粮食安全和农户利益的必然选择。依据河南省滑县农户微观调研数据,采用有序Probit模型,分析耕地禀赋对农户多元耕地保护补偿方式选择的影响,并探究非农就业的调节效应。结果表明:大多数农户更愿意选择“资金补偿”或“资金 社会保障补偿”。耕地禀赋对农户多元耕地保护补偿方式的选择有显著影响,其中耕地规模、人均耕地面积和耕地细碎化具有正向影响。非农就业对耕地禀赋影响农户多元耕地保护补偿方式的选择具有负向调节效应。据此,提出制定差异化的耕地保护补偿方案、制定更加优惠的政策促进耕地流转以及加大耕地保护补偿相关政策宣传力度的政策建议。
英文摘要:
      The reasonable design of the compensation patterns for farmland protection is not only the objective requirement for the smooth development of the compensation mechanism, but also the inevitable choice to satisfy the long-term livelihood of farmers and to guarantee food security and the interests of farmers. Based on a survey data of households in Hua County, Henan Province, this paper employed the Ordered Probit model to investigate the impacts of farmland endowment on the diversified compensation patterns for farmland protection, and explored the regulatory effects of non-agricultural employment in the above impacts. Results show that most farmers prefer to choose “monetary compensation” or “money social security compensation”. Farmland endowment shows a significant impact on the choice of diversified compensation patterns for farmland protection, among which farmland scale, per capita farmland area and farmland fragmentation present some positive influences. Furthermore, non-agricultural employment shows a negative regulatory effect. Based on the above results, this paper provides the policy suggestions: formulating differentiated compensation plans for farmland protection, making more favorable policies to promote farmland transfer, and intensifying the publicity on policies related to the compensation for farmland protection.
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