文章摘要
新型城镇化对乡村经济发展的影响研究——以新疆为例
The influence of new urbanization on the rural economic development: A case study of Xinjiang
投稿时间:2019-10-01  最后修改时间:2020-01-10
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2020.0007
中文关键词: 新型城镇化  乡村经济发展  影响效应  内在机制  新疆
英文关键词: new urbanization  rural economic development  impacts  intrinsic mechanism  Xinjiang
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(17XMZ100),新疆维吾尔自治区研究生科研创新项目(XJ2019G088)
作者单位E-mail
赵朋 石河子大学经济与管理学院 2541357977@qq.com 
胡宜挺 石河子大学经济与管理学院 hyt2001@shzu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      探究新型城镇化如何影响乡村经济发展对落实乡村振兴战略,决胜全面建成小康社会具有重要的理论和现实意义。运用2004—2017年新疆15个地、州、市的面板数据,在详细梳理城镇化对乡村经济发展的影响及内在机制的基础上,构建了新型城镇化和乡村经济发展的评价指标体系,采用面板模型、GMM估计方法和中介效应模型,分析城镇化对乡村经济发展的影响效应,探讨其内在机制。结果表明,2004年到2017年新疆新型城镇化和乡村经济发展水平呈上升趋势,新型城镇化综合得分从0.341上升到0.610,乡村经济发展综合得分从0.343上升到0.516,但存在明显的地区差异,北疆地区乡村经济发展和新型城镇化水平优于南疆地区,且南北疆的差距呈拉大趋势。总体来说,城镇化对乡村经济发展具有显著的促进作用,北疆地区城镇化对乡村经济发展的促进作用要强于南疆地区。新疆新型城镇化主要通过推动农业劳动力转移、农业技术进步、提升农地集约化利用来促进乡村经济发展。基于此,提出系统规划,坚持两大战略协调驱动,积极构建城乡要素自由流动体制机制等对策建议。
英文摘要:
      Studying how new urbanization affects rural economic development is of great theoretical and practical significance for implementing the strategy of rural revitalization and successfully building a well-off society. Based on a panel data from 15 prefectures in Xinjiang from 2004 to 2017, this paper constructed an evaluation index system of new urbanization and rural economic development, analyzed the effect of new urbanization on rural economic development and explored its internal mechanism. Results show that: from 2004 to 2017, the level of new urbanization and rural economic development in Xinjiang showed an upward trend, the comprehensive score of the new urbanization rose from 0.341 to 0.610, and the comprehensive score of rural economic development rose from 0.343 to 0.516. However, there were obvious regional differences: the level of rural economic development and new urbanization in the northern Xinjiang region was better than that of the southern Xinjiang region, and the gap between the north and south was widening. In general, new urbanization in Xinjiang has a significant effect on rural economic development, and this effect in northern Xinjiang is stronger than that of the southern Xinjiang. Urbanization in Xinjiang mainly promotes rural economic development by promoting the transfer of agricultural labor force, agricultural technological progress and increasing the intensive utilization of agricultural land. Based on the above results, this paper provides some suggestions: to establish a systematic plan, to insist on the two strategic synergies drive, and to build an institutional mechanism for the free movement of urban and rural elements.
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