文章摘要
新中国成立70年来我国农业农村现代化发展成就与未来发展思路和途径
Achievements and future development ideas of agricultural and rural modernization in China since the founding of the New China 70 years ago
投稿时间:2019-07-08  最后修改时间:2019-07-08
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2019.0065
中文关键词: 新中国成立70年  农业农村现代化  现代农业发展  乡村振兴
英文关键词: 70 years after the founding of the New China  agricultural and rural modernization  development of modern agriculture  rural revitalization
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目(14ZDA041)。
作者单位E-mail
蒋和平 中国农业科学院农业经济与发展研究所 jiangheping@caas.cn 
杨东群 中国农业科学院农业经济与发展研究所 yangdongqun@caas.cn 
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中文摘要:
      自新中国成立70周年来,我国农业农村现代化实现了举世瞩目的跨越发展。经历了起步期、制度建设期、转型发展期、深化升级期和快速发展期等五个发展时期,在农业综合生产能力、农业产业结构调整、农业技术水平、农业产业化经营、农村扶贫与农民收入增加、农业资源保护与农村环境改善等方面取得了突出成就,但是要实现农业农村现代化的进一步发展,还需解决农业生产效率偏低、基础设施薄弱、城乡差距较大、农业规模化经营进展缓慢、小农户与现代农业衔接不足和农业农村金融服务能力较差等突出问题。为此文章提出坚持农业农村优先发展、完善农业三大体系、推动农业高质量发展、培育乡村发展新动能、提升农业全要素生产率、建立农民增收长效机制、健全乡村振兴多元投入保障机制、发展乡村特色产业、促进小农户与现代农业的有机衔接等观点推动我国农业农村现代化发展。
英文摘要:
      On the 70th anniversary of the founding of the New China, China’s agricultural and rural modernization have achieved a remarkable leap-forward development. It has experienced five stages of development: the initial stage, the system construction stage, the transformation and development stage, the deepening and upgrading stage and the rapid development stage. It has made outstanding achievements in the comprehensive production capacity of agriculture, the structural adjustment of agricultural industry, the technical level of agriculture, the industrialized management of agriculture, the poverty alleviation in rural areas and the increase of farmers’ income, as well as the protection of agricultural resources and the improvement of rural environment. Further development of rural modernization also needs to solve some outstanding problems as low efficiency of agricultural production, weak infrastructure, large gap between urban and rural areas, slow progress of agricultural scale operation, insufficient connection between small farms and modern agriculture, and the poor financial service capacity in rural areas. For this reason, this article provides the following suggestions: to keep the priority development of agriculture and countryside, to perfect the three major systems of agriculture, to promote the high-quality development of agriculture, to foster new momentum of rural development, to promote total factor productivity of agriculture, to establish long-term mechanism of increasing farmers’ income, to improve the mechanism of multiple input guarantee for rural revitalization, to develop rural characteristic industries, and to promote the organic connection between small farms and modern agriculture.
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