文章摘要
农户VIP技术采用行为的影响因素分析
The analysis of the influencing factors of farmers’ VIP technology adoption behaviors
投稿时间:2019-06-05  最后修改时间:2019-07-27
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2019.0067
中文关键词: 农户  技术采用行为  品种—灌溉—pH(VIP)技术  影响因素  Binary logistic模型  长株潭地区
英文关键词: farmers  technology adoption behavior  variety-irrigation-pH (VIP) technology  influencing factors  the Binary logistic model  Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan area
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学规划项目(17YJA790043)
作者单位E-mail
邓美云 湖南农业大学商学院 1959462872@qq.com 
李继志 湖南农业大学商学院 jizhi-li@human.net 
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中文摘要:
      农户采用“品种—灌溉—pH”(VIP)技术体系是确保耕地重金属污染修复治理和农产品安全生产的重要前提。基于外部性理论和农户行为理论,利用农户的微观调查数据,运用Binary logistic模型,分析农户VIP技术采用行为,探讨其影响因素。结果表明,农户VIP技术应用中,严格按照技术规程,有65.9%的农户采用了镉低积累水稻品种,26.4%的农户采用了全生育期灌溉措施,71.5%的农户对耕地的pH值进行了调整,仍有部分农户未使用VIP技术。技术培训和政策持续性对农户采用“V”技术有显著影响;技术难易程度、技术预期收益、是否符合种植习惯、耕地面积和家庭务农人口数量均对农户采用“I”技术有显著影响;技术培训、耕地面积、参与技术实施、技术难易程度、技术预期收益、是否符合种植习惯和政策持续性对农户采用“P”技术有显著影响。因此,提出优化VIP技术体系、加大VIP技术培训与宣传力度、维持相关政策相对稳定等建议。
英文摘要:
      The adoption of the “variety-irrigation-pH” (VIP) technology system by farmers is an important measure to ensure the remediation of heavy metal pollution of farmland and the food safety. Based on the micro-survey data of farmers and the externality and the behavior theories, this papery adopted the Binary logistic model to analyze the adoption behaviors of the VIP technology by farmers and explored its influencing factors. Results show that for the application of VIP technology, 65.9% of farmers adopted rice varieties with low cadmium accumulation, 26.4% of farmers adopted irrigation measures during the whole growth period, and 71.5% of farmers adjusted the pH value of farmland. While there were some farmers who did not adopt any VIP technology. This research also finds that technical training and policy sustainability had some significant impacts on the adoption of “V” technology by farmers. The technical difficulty, the expected benefits of technology, whether or not the technology conforms to farmers’ growing habits, the total farmland area, and the number of household farmers had significant impacts on the adoption of “I” technology by farmers. Technical training, farmland area, participation in technology implementation, and technical difficulty, the expected benefits of technology, whether or not it conforms to planting habits and policy sustainability had significant effects on the adoption of “P” technology by farmers. In summary, this paper suggests to optimize the VIP technical system, to strengthen the VIP technical training and publicity, and to maintain relative stability of the relevant policies.
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