文章摘要
城乡家庭多维不平等的测量、变化与分解研究
The measurement, changes, and decomposition of the multidimensional inequality of rural and urban households
投稿时间:2019-05-03  最后修改时间:2019-07-13
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2019.0064
中文关键词: 城乡家庭  多维不平等  Araar指数  多维基尼系数  测量  变化  分解
英文关键词: urban and rural households  multidimensional inequality  the Araar index  the multidimensional Gini index  measurement  changes  decomposition
基金项目:国家社会科学基金青年项目(16CGL035),教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(19YJC790063),福建省社会科学规划项目(FJ2017C076)
作者单位E-mail
李萌 福建农林大学经济学院 mengli402@foxmail.com, meng.li@fafu.edu.cn 
杨龙 福建农林大学公共管理学院 weitaoyang@126.com, long.yang@fafu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      在我国社会主要矛盾发生转变和实施乡村振兴战略的背景下,从多维视角研究城乡家庭的不平等问题具有重要意义。基于2007年和2013年中国家庭收入调查(CHIP)数据,利用Araar指数和多维基尼系数方法,测量农村和城镇家庭的多维不平等水平及其变化状况,并按维度对多维不平等进行分解,探讨不同维度对多维不平等的贡献差异。结果表明,从多维不平等的测量结果看,从2007年到2013年总体家庭的多维不平等水平从0.215 8下降到0.208 8,但是农村家庭的多维不平等从0.173 9上升到0.185 3,城镇家庭的多维不平等从0.172 3上升到0.178 7。农村家庭的多维不平等始终高于城镇家庭。从多维不平等的分解结果看,2007年和2013年消费维度对总体家庭多维不平等的贡献率最高,分别达68.69%和63.24%,健康维度的贡献率最低,分别为7.51%和10.45%,城镇和农村家庭有相同变化趋势。因此,在降低不平等政策的制定中,应从多维视角关注农村家庭和城镇家庭不平等上升的趋势,重点关注农村家庭的多维不平等问题,降低消费维度和教育维度对多维不平等的贡献率。
英文摘要:
      It is of great significance to analyze the inequality from a multidimensional perspective in the context of major social contradiction changes and rural revitalization in China. Based on the Chinese Household Income Project data and applying the Araar index and the multidimensional Gini index, this paper seeks to measure the multidimensional inequality of rural and urban households and to decompose the multidimensional inequality to explore the contributions of different dimensions. Results show that the multidimensional inequality indices of all households in 2007 and 2013 were 0.215 8 and 0.208 8, respectively. However, the multidimensional inequality index of rural households rose from 0.173 9 to 0.185 3, and the multidimensional inequality index of urban households rose from 0.172 3 to 0.178 7. The multidimensional inequality indices of rural households in 2007 and 2013 were higher than those of urban households. According to the decomposition of multidimensional inequality, the consumption dimension made the largest contribution to the multidimensional inequality in 2007 and 2013 reached 68.69% and 63.24%, respectively; while the health dimension made the lowest contribution, with only 7.51% and 10.45%, respectively. There were same trends of changes in urban households and rural households. Therefore, policymakers should pay more attention to the changes of the multidimensional inequality of rural and urban households from the multidimensional perspective. In addition, policymakers should focus on the multidimensional inequality of rural households and decrease the contributions of consumption and education.
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