文章摘要
资源禀赋、认知、制度环境与市民化意愿研究——以西藏为例
Study on resource endowment, cognition, institutional environment and citizen’s willingness: A case study of Tibet
投稿时间:2019-04-29  最后修改时间:2019-07-23
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2019.0063
中文关键词: 农牧民工  新生代  市民化意愿  资源禀赋  制度环境  认知  结构方程模型(SEM)
英文关键词: agricultural and animal husbandry migrant workers  new generation  citizen’s willingness  resource endowment  institutional environment  cognition  structural equation model
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(71563044)
作者单位E-mail
宋连久 西藏农牧学院植物科学学院 351267449@qq.com 
刘天平 西藏农牧学院植物科学学院 106457042@qq.com 
孙自保 西藏农牧学院植物科学学院 tbszb@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      在经济社会转型发展背景下,农牧民工市民化已成为政府及社会的共识,新生代农牧民工市民化的意愿因素分析对促进市民化进程具有重要意义。基于资源禀赋、制度环境和认知视角,利用西藏新生代农牧民工的调查数据,采用结构方程模型,分析新生代农牧民工市民化意愿因素,探究新生代农牧民工市民化意愿的影响机理。结果表明,新生代农牧民工有进城务工意愿的占82.32%,其市民化意愿强烈;资源禀赋和市民化意愿之间的标准化路径系数是0.721,资源禀赋明显影响新生代农牧民工市民化意愿;资源禀赋对新生代农牧民工的市民化意愿具有显著的正向推动作用;制度环境和认知对新生代农牧民工市民化意愿虽具有一定的正向影响,但与资源禀赋相比,其影响程度较低,且新生代农牧民工市民化进程并未显著影响市民化意愿。最后,提出了促进人力资本结构优化、切实转变劳动力转移模式、树立靶向思维等政策建议。
英文摘要:
      Under the background of economic and social transformation and development, citizenization of the new generation of agricultural and animal husbandry migrant workers has become the consensus of the government and the society. Based on a survey data in Tibet and from the perspectives of the resource endowment, institutional environment and cognition, this paper analyzed the factors of the willingness of the new generation of agricultural and animal husbandry migrant workers to become urban citizens by the structural equation model and explored the influencing mechanism of the willingness of the new generation of agricultural and animal husbandry migrant workers to become urban citizens. Results show that 82.32% of agricultural and animal husbandry migrant workers have the willingness to work in cities, and they have a strong willingness to become urban citizens. The standardized path coefficient between the resource endowment and the citizenization willingness is 0.721, and resource endowment obviously affects the willingness of the new generation of agricultural and animal husbandry migrant workers to become urban citizens. The resource endowment has a significant positive role in promoting the citizenization willingness of the new generation of agricultural and animal husbandry migrant workers. Although the institutional environment and the cognition have positive impacts on the citizenization willingness of the new generation of agricultural and animal husbandry migrant workers, the impacts are lower. In addition, the citizenization process of the new generation of agricultural and animal husbandry migrant workers has no significant impacts on the willingness to change of citizens. Finally, this paper provides some policy suggestions, including promoting the optimization of human capital structure, effectively changing the mode of labor force transfer, and setting up targeted thinking.
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