文章摘要
农产品主要出口国农业支持保护政策调整动向及其启示——基于美国、巴西、加拿大、澳大利亚四国比较
Adjustment directions of the support and protection policies in those main agricultural exporting countries and the implications: Comparison among the United States, Brazil, Canada and Australia
投稿时间:2019-04-17  最后修改时间:2019-07-20
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2019.0078
中文关键词: 农业政策  价格支持  直接补贴  综合服务支持  农业竞争力
英文关键词: agricultural policy  market price support  direct payment  general service support  agricultural competitiveness
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(71473052);贵州省农林经济管理国内一流学科建设项目(GNYL[2017]002);贵州大学文科重大课题(GDZT201710)
作者单位E-mail
朱满德 贵州大学经济学院 mdzhu@gzu.edu.cn 
邓喻方 贵州大学经济学院 dengyf0816@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      从扭曲型干预政策向市场化支持措施转变是当今农业支持保护政策改革和调整的主流趋势。选取世界农产品主要出口国美国、巴西、加拿大和澳大利亚作为研究对象,运用经济合作与发展组织的生产者支持估计方法,从农业支持强度和结构两个维度对其不同时期农业支持保护政策进行比较研究。结果表明,伴随农产品出口的扩大,各国逐步退出价格支持政策,转而采用直接补贴措施;就直接补贴而言,以挂钩补贴措施为主;在政府综合服务支持中,都非常注重对农业知识和创新、基础设施建设和维护、营销和推广进行补贴支持,这对提高农业部门的竞争力具有重要支撑作用。这些对中国农业政策调整和完善有如下启示:加快由价格支持措施向直接补贴转型;坚持实施挂钩补贴政策措施;政府综合服务支持中,应围绕提高农业发展质量和竞争力,加强对农业知识和创新、营销和推广的支持与投资,提高补贴支持政策的针对性和有效性。
英文摘要:
      Transition from distorted intervention policies to market-oriented support measures is the mainstream trend of agricultural support policy reform. From the perspectives of agricultural support intensity and structure and applying the method of producer support estimation, this paper compares the policy reform trends of four selected major agricultural exporting countries, including the United States, Brazil, Canada and Australia. Results show that the four countries gradually reduced market price support policies, and adopted direct payment policies, especial those coupled direct payments, with increasing agricultural exports. Polices of agricultural knowledge and innovation played an important role in those general service support measures, as well as polices of infrastructure construction and maintenance, marketing and promotion, which could improve agriculture competitiveness effectively. Results of the above analysis provides some implications for China’s agricultural policy reform, including: accelerating the transition from price support measures to direct payments and coupled direct payments, strengthening the support for agricultural knowledge and innovation, marketing and promotion for improving the quality and the competitiveness of agricultural development, and improving the pertinence and effectiveness of agriculture policies.
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