文章摘要
农业现代化与农民职业化耦合视角下新型职业农民培育路径——以黑龙江为例
The path of cultivating new-type professional farmers from the perspective of the integration of agricultural modernization and farmer’s professionalization: A case study of Heilongjiang
投稿时间:2019-11-25  最后修改时间:2020-03-27
DOI:10.13872/j.1000-0275.2020.0034
中文关键词: 新型职业农民  培育路径  农业现代化  农民职业化  耦合协调发展
英文关键词: new-type professional farmers  cultivate path  agricultural modernization  farmer’s professionalization  integrated coordination development
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(17BJY099);黑龙江省哲学社会科学研究规划项目(17JYD233);黑龙江省哲学社会科学研究规划项目(18GLE457)
作者单位E-mail
刘 畅 东北农业大学 经济管理学院 liuchang1978@neau.edu.cn 
王思怡 东北农业大学 经济管理学院 1976921060@qq.com 
马国巍 东北农业大学 经济管理学院 neaumba@neau.edu.cn 
吴立全 东北农业大学经济管理学院 wlqneau@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      培育新型职业农民是推动小农户与现代农业发展有机衔接的重要举措之一,对保障农村人力资本和缓解“农村空心化、农业边缘化、农民老龄化”等农村建设问题具有支撑作用。基于农业现代化与农民职业化耦合视角,以黑龙江省为例,利用熵值法和耦合协调度模型,分析二者发展特征和耦合协调发展关系,以此为基础探究新型职业农民培育路径。结果表明,2015—2017年黑龙江省农业现代化综合评价指数在0.330~0.351间波动,农民职业化综合评价指数在0.323~0.329间波动。考察期内农业现代化的发展略超前于农民职业化的发展,且各地级市农业现代化和农民职业化综合发展水平存在较大差异,高值区集中在哈尔滨、绥化、齐齐哈尔等西南部城市。黑龙江省两大系统耦合度波动幅度较小,维持在0.478~0.481之间,整体处于拮抗耦合阶段;耦合协调度保持在0.387~0.389之间,耦合协调等级整体处于轻度失调阶段。耦合协调度在空间格局分布上呈现由东北部城市向西南部城市递增趋势。因此,为尽快实现农业现代化和农民职业化向优质协调方向发展,需进一步优化发展较为薄弱的新型职业农民培育工作,提出因地制宜制定培育目标;因势利导丰富培育内容;推陈出新探索培育模式;多措并举完善政策扶持体系来优化新型职业农民培育路径。
英文摘要:
      Cultivating new-type professional farmers is one of the important measures to promote the organic connection between small holders and modern agricultural development. It has a supporting role in protecting rural human capital and alleviating rural construction issues such as “hollowization of rural society, marginalization of agriculture, and aging of farmers”. From the coupling angle between agricultural modernization and farmer’s professionalization, taking Heilongjiang Province as an example, and applying the entropy method and coupling harmonious degree model, this paper analyzed the development characteristics and the integrated coordination development relationship and explored the cultivation path of new-type professional farmers. Results show that, from 2015 to 2017, the comprehensive evaluation index of agricultural modernization in Heilongjiang Province fluctuates between 0.330 and 0.351, and the comprehensive evaluation index of farmer’s professionalization fluctuates between 0.323 and 0.329. During this period, the development of agricultural modernization goes slightly ahead of the development of farmer’s professionalization. There is a large difference in the level of comprehensive development of agricultural modernization and farmer’s professionalization at the prefecture-level cities. High-value areas are concentrated in southwestern cities such as Harbin, Suihua, and Qiqihar. The degree of coupling of the two major systems in Heilongjiang Province fluctuates slightly between 0.478 and 0.481, and in general, it is in the antagonistic coupling stage. The degree of integrated coordination is maintained between 0.387 and 0.389, the level of integrated coordination is in the mild maladjustment stage. In spatial pattern distribution, the coupling coordination degree shows an increasing trend from northeast city to southwest city. Therefore, in order to achieve the rapid development of agricultural modernization and farmer’s professionalization in the direction of high-quality coordination and to optimize the career path for new-type professional farmers’ cultivation, it is necessary to further optimize the development of weaker new professional farmers’ cultivation work, to set cultivation goals according to local conditions, to enrich the cultivation contents according to the situation, to explore the cultivation modes, and to take multiple measures to improve policy support system.
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